UNIVERSITY OF RAJASTHAN, JAIPUR
|Each Theory Paper
|3 hrs. duration
- The number of papers and the maximum marks for each
paper/practicalshall be shown in the syllbus for the subject
concerned.It will benecessary for a candidate to pass in the theory
part as well as in thepractical part (wherever prescribed) of a
- A candidate for a pass at each of the previous and the Final Examination shall be required to obtain:
- Atleast 36% marks in the aggregate of all the papers prescribed for the examination and
- Atleast 36% marks in practical(s) wherever prescribed at the
examination provided that if a candidate fails to secure atleast 25%
marks ineach individual paper at the examination and also in the
desertation/survey report/ field work,wherever prescribed,he shall be
deemed to have failed at the examination notwithstanding his having
obtained the minimum percentage of marks required in the aggregate for
the examination.No division shall be awarded at the end of the Final
Examinationon the combined marks obtained at the previous and the Final
Examination taken together,as noted below:
|60% of the aggregate marks taken
48% together of the Previous and
the Final Examinations.
All the rest shall be declared to have passed the examinatin.
- If a candidate clears any Paper(s)Practical(s)Dissertation
prescribed atthe previous and/or Final Examination after a continuous
period of threeyears,then for the purpous of working out his divison
the minimum pass marks only viz.25% (35% in the case of practrical)
shall be taken intoaccount in respect of such
Paper(s)/Practical(s)/Dissertion are cleared after the expiry of the
aforesaid period of three years;providedthat in case where a candidate
requirs more than 25% marks in order to reach the minimum aggregate as
many marks out of those actuall secured by him will be taken into
account as would enable him to make upthe deficiency in the requisite
- The Thesis/Dissertation/Survey Report/Field Work shall be
type-writte and submitted in triplicate so as to reach the office of
the Registrar atleast 3 weeks before the commencement of the theory
examinations.Only succandidates shall be permitted to offer
Dissertation/Field Works/Survey Report/Thesis(if provided in the scheme
of examination) in lieu of a papers prescribed for the previous
examination in the case of annual scheme irrespective of the number of
papers in which a candidate actually appeared at the examination.
Non-collegiate candidate are not eligible to offer dissertation as per previsions of O.170-A.
- .There will be Five Papers in the Previous and Five papers in the Final.
- Each Paper shall carry 100 marks.
||Physical And Archeological Anthropology
(A) Physical Anthropology 50
(B) Archeological Anthropology 50
||Field work and practical
||Tools and Techni9ques of Anthropoological Rasearch
||Folk Culture and Folklore
||Methods and Theory in Social Cultural Anthropology
- Rural Communities and Peasand societies
- Archaeological Anthropology
- Linguistic Anthropoology
- Kinship and Religion
- Economic and Political Anthropology
- Medical Anthropoology
- Visual Anthropology
Paper X Field Work and Field Report.
A Field Report shall be prepared by each
student on the basis of field work conductyed by him/her under the
supervision of a teacher by actually staying in the field for not less
than thiry days in place at least 20 miles away form the Municipal
Corporation Limits of the Jaipur City.
the scheme of evaluation of the Field work Report to be evaluated
jointly by the Internal and External Examiners will be as follows:
||Field Work Report
||Viva Voce on the field work report
Paper I- Social Anthropology
Horizons of Anthropology.
- Basic Consept : Institution and group;
community, society and culture, status and role; social structure and
social organisation. Social function.
- Marriage: The problems of universal definition;
incest and prohibited categories; preferential forms of marriage.
Marriage regulation and marriage payments: dowry and bride wealth.
The familly as the corner stone of human society: universality of
the family. Functions of the family. Diverse forms of family nuclear
extended joint family system in India.
Kunship the idea of kunship system and its place in social
structure Classificatory and descriptive terms/systems according to
Morgan and Murdock Privaleged famiharily avoidance and joking
relatioship. Unilateral bilateral and double descent systems. Virilocal
uxorilocal and meolocal residence paterns. Corporate kin group:
lineage, clan, Kinbred. Structural implication of crosscousin marriage.
- Economic anthropology : meaning, scope and differences from economics, Modes of exchange; barter; ceremonial exchange (kula, patlatch), reaprocity and redistribution; market and trade, Production. The debate between formalists and substranitivists about the relevance of economic theory for understanding primitive and peasant economics
- Political Anthropology: meaning, scope and
difference from political science. The locus power and functions of
legitimate authority in different societies. Difference between state
and stateless political systms. The rise of the state. Leadership
patterns. Law and anthropological approach to its study. The cultural
back ground of law. Extra-legal devices of social control.
- Religion theories of origin,e.g.
animism,animation Magic religion and science, Myth and ritual, Totemism
and tabboo. Relation of religion to other social institutions. The
contemporary anthropological perspective on the study of religion.
- Social Stratification : caste, class and estate.
The major features of caste system and its place in contemporary
India,The impact of caste on non-Hindus in India.
Book for compulsory reading: B.Malinowski's Crime and Custom in Savage Society.
Battie, John: Other Cultures
Bohannan, Paul: Social Anthropology
Dumont, Louis: Homo-Hierarchicus
Firth, Raymond: Eleements of Social Organisation
Rirth,Raymond : Elemments of Social Organisation
Fried, M (ed): Readings in Anthropology Voll. II
Hammond, Peter B (ed) : Culture and social Anthropology
Krober,A.L. and other's : 'Horizons of Anthropology'. Current Anthropology(1961).
Leach,E.R. Aspects of caste in south India,Ceylon & North West Pakistan.
Lessa,W.S. and E.Z. Vogt (ed) : Reading in Comparative Religion.
Lienhardt, G.: Social Anthropology
Nadel,S.F. : Foundation of Social Anthropology
Reddeliffe-Brown,A.R. : structure and Functions in Primitive Sociedty.
Sarana,Gopala : Sociology and Anthropology & Other Essays.
Tumin,M.: Social Stratification
Kessing,Reger M: Cultural Anthropology A Contemporary Perspective.
Ember & Ember : Anthropology.
A R N Srivastave : What is Anthropology
Dr. A. R. N. Shrivastava : Social Anthropology
Dr. Sudha Mutthaal : samazik manav vigyan saidhantik vyavhaar
|3 hrs Duration
|| 100 Marks
| (A) Physical Anthropology
Book for compulsary reading:
- Meaning and scope of Physical Anthropology : Its relation to the other pranches of anthropology and to other sciences.
- Foundations of the theory of organic evolution: Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism,Drawinism and synthetic theory. Human evolution: biological and culural dimension. Micro-evolution.
The Order Primate: Its evolutionary.K
tendencies,(i.e. characteristics.) classification and distribution. A
comparative study of primates with special reference to the
anthropological aspects and man.
Fossil eveidence for human evolution: Dryopethecus,Ramapithecus Australopithrecines, Homo erectus Pithecanthropines, Homo-sapiens, Neaderthalensis and Homo sapiens.
- Genetics: Definition: The Mendelian principles and their application to human populations.
- Human variation : Racial differentiation of man
bases of Recial classification, morphological,serological and
genetic.Rolo of heredity and environment i the formation of races.
T. Dobzhansky's : Mankind Evolving
Brace, C.Loring: The stages of Human Evolution : Human and Cultural Origins.
Buttner-Janusch J.: Origins of Man.
Dobzhansky,T.: Mankind Evolving.
Emeral,S. and Devore,J.: The Primates (Life Nature Libary)
Hammond,Pater,B. (Editor) : Physical Anthropology and Archaeotogy
Howell,F. Clark and Editors of Life : Early Man (life Nature Libary)
Howells, W.W. : Mankind in the Making.
Kraus, Bertrum: The Basis of Human Evolution
Sarkar S.S.: Aboriginal Races of India.
Simpson.G.G. : The Meaning of Evolution.
Singh R.D. : Sharirik Manavavigyan (Hindi).
Dr. A.R.N. Shrivastava : Saririk manav vigyan
Shri R.K. Shukl & Sudha Rastogi : Manav Udvikas
(B) Archaeologial Anthropology
The meaning and scope of Archacological Anthropology.
Archacology in relation to other Social and Natural Sciences
Concep of Prehistoric, Protohistoric and Historical
Archaeology.Retrieval Archaeological date and its analysis.Dating in
Salient features of palacolithic,Mesolithic and Neolithic and
Neolithi cultures with special refreence of India. Harappan
Civilization post Harappa Chalcolithic cultures of Northern India
Megaliths and associated meateriaculture.
Allchin,B & R : The Birth of Indian Civilization
Bhattacharya,D.K. : Prehistoric Archacology.
Majumdar,D.N. & Gopala Sarana: Pragitihasa (Hindi)
Pandaya,J.N. : Puralattva Vimarsha (Hindi)
Sankalia,H.P.: Pre-history and protohistory of India and Pakistan
Wheeler,M.: Archaeology from the Earth (Also Hindi translation Prithi se Puratattva).
Zeuner,F.E. : Dating the Past.
Section (A) Physical Anthropology and Section(B) Archaeologica
Anthropology will be evaluated separately by the separate examiners and
the examinees shall use two separate answer books for the two sections.
Each section contains five questio out of which atleast two questions
are to be attempted by the examinee. One question containing five short
notes of the five marks each shall form a compulsory question.
| (A) Physical Anthropology(Practical)
Duration 3 hrs.
Identification and description of the major bones of human
skeleton. Aging and sexing of lhuman bones with special reference of
suture closure ossification centers and epiphyseal unions. Measurements on the Cranium:
Measurements on the mandible:
- Maximum cranial length.
- Maximum cranial breadthy
- Maximum frontal breadthy
- Bi-curricular breadth.
- Greatest occipical breadth.
- Bimastoid breadth.
- Basion bregma height.
- Horizontal circumference of the skull.
- Frontal arc.
- Paristal arc.
- Occipital arc.
- Frontal chord.
- Parietal chord.
- Orbital breadth.
- Orbital Height
- Bizygomatic Breadth.
- Upper facial height.
- Rasal height.
- Nasal breadth.
- Bicondylar breadth.
- Bigonial breadth.
- Heights of the ramus.
- Breadth of the ramus.
- Cranial index
- Frontal index.
- Upper facial index.
- Orbital index.
- Rasal index.
- Height vertex.
- Sitting height vertex.
- Upper arm length.
- Fore arm hebngth
- Hand length.
- Hand breadth.
- Foot length.
- Foot breadth.
- Biacromial breadth.
- Biacromial breadth.
- Chest breadth.
- Chest depth.
- Chest girth.
- Arm girth in the middle
- Body weight.
Singh I.P and M.K. Bhasin : Anthropmetry.
This will inclube conducting of field work of sometopic relevant
to social or cultural Anthrpology under the supervision and guidance of
some faculty mkembers in the leading to the writing and submission of a
short field report,before the commencement of theory examinations.
There woll be two separate external examiners
invited to donduct the Practicals in Physical Anthropology i.e.
section-A and assess the 'Field work' done in social/cultural
Anthropology i.e. section 'B' respectively.
- Field work tradition in Anthropology. Teh main features of
field work-getting acquatinted with the field; establishment of report,
learning and use of native language. The use of informations
Key-informants role in anthrpological field work.
- Technique, method and methodology in Anthropological research.
- Definition and delimitation of the problem, hypothesis, concept of research design, and sampling.
- Basic data-gathering techniques : interview observation, schedule,
quedstionnaire, case study method, extyended case method the
genealogical method, the use of personal, official and historial
documents in anthropological research.
Simple statistical Techniques - avarages; data analysis and report writing.
- Bartleett, F.C(Ed): The study of Society.
- Casagrande, J. (Ed.) : In the Company of Man
- Epstein,A.L (Ed.) : In The Craft of Social Anthroplogy.
- Evans-Pritchard,E.E.: Social Anthropology and other Essays.
- Firth,Raymond(Ed.): Nabd Culture.
- Gottschalk, L. and others: use of Personal Documents in History, Anthropology and Sociology.
- Rusell Bcmard: Research Method in Cultural Anthropology.
- Basu,M.N. : Field methods in Anthropology and other social science.
- Kroeber,A.L. (Ed.) : Anthropology Today.
- Lewis Oscar: La Vida.
- Muller and Schuler: Statistical Reasoning in Sociology.
- Murdock, G.P. and others Outlines of Culture Marerial.
- Percto, Perti J : Anthropological Research; Structure of Enquiry.
- Royal Anthropological Institute: Notres and Queries on Anthropology.
The concept of Folk and Folk Culture.
Redifield's view of folk society and folk culture.
George M. Foster's concept of folk culture.
Redfiedid's ideas about peasant society and peasand culture.
The nature of Folklore.
The devolutionary permose in folklore theory.
The study of folklore in literature and culture.
The problems of collecting folklore.
Indentification and Interpretation.
Significance of the study of folklore in peasant civilization. Taxonomy and social bacground of folk literature folk songs.
Narrative of folk peotry-Ballads, Epic play's
Prose Narrative-Folktales, Myths,legends
Proverbs,Riddles,Charm & Other short pieces.
Social content of folk literature: Woman,Family,Castes,Religion,Beliefs and attitude to Life,Recent Social Changes.
Social Function of Folklore: Social control,Education,Recreation,Ritual.
The Traditional Culture.
The concept of Elite Tradition.
Nature of Elite Tradition in Peasant civilizations.
Changes in Elite tradition in Pre modern times.
Changes in elite tradition in contemporary times.
Sociological interpretation of Elite tradition.
Interaction between folk and elite tradition with special reference to India.
The future of folklore and folk culturte.
Robert Redfield: Peasant Society and Culture
Robert Rdfield: The Little Community.
Alan Dundes: The study of Folklore
Cecil Sharpe: The English Folk song.
Stith Thompson: The Foplklore.
M.J.C. Hodgert: The Ballads.
Archer Taylor: The Proverbs.
C.M. Bowra : Heroic Poetry
C.M. Foster: Traditional Cultures and the Impact of Technological Change.
J.G. Frazer: The Golden Bough
Verier Elwin: Myths of Middle India.
V. Elwin and S. Hiwale : Folk Culture and Oral Tradition.
S.L. Srivastava : Folk Literature of Bengal
D.C. Sen: Folk Literature of the Punjab.
G.D. Upreti: Proverbs and Folklore of Kuimayun and Garhawal
R.C. Temple: Lengends of the Punjab.
W.G. Archer: The Blue Grove
H.Zimmerman: Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization.
Y.Singh: Images of man: Ideology and Theory in Indian society.Rural Studies.
Paper VI-Methods and Theory in Social & Culture Anthropology
- Technique, method and methodology.
- The comparative methods of the unilinear (ninteeth century)
evolutionists. Its critisims by the diffusionists and Franz Boss. The
nature,purpose and methods of comparison in social-cultural
anthropology: illustrative comparison,complete-universe comparison and
hologeistic sampled (or cross-cultural) comparison.Comparison and
- Social anthropology and history, A critical examination of ple for
the unity ofmethod in the natural and social sciences. Scientific and
humanistic approaches to be distinguished. The nature of
anthropological method and nation of its autonomy.
- The philosophical perspective on explanation in science and in
history hempelian covering law' model of explanation. The nature of
explanatio in social cultural anthroplolgy and the possibility of
covering law model of explanation in the subject.
- Distinction between restudy and reinterpretation. The
methodological implications of the difference between 'interpreatation'
of the work of nineteenth century amateur ethnographers and
rfeinterpretation of the contemporary ethnographies: Leach, Lounsbury,
- Meansing of evolution: biological and cultural Ninteenth century
unilinear evolutionism and its basic assumptions, Neo-evolutionism and
the contemporary prespective on socio-cultural evolutionism.
- Diffusion and tradition. Diffusionism: British helecentric and
German-Austrian kulturkreise approaches and their basic concepts.
Culture area,age area and American distributionism.
- Relevance of psychological categories and approaches for
anthropology. Patterns of culture, basic personality structure and
model personality. Anthropological studies of culture at a distance:
anthropological contribution to nation character studies. Recent trends
in psychological anthropology : John whting and Anthony Wallac.
- Malinowski's contribution to functionalism in social anthroplogy:
the theory of needs. Relevance of term like manifest latent function
and eufunction/dysfunctiion. Functionalism, teleology and causality.
Function and structujres: Radcliffe-Brown, Firth,Fortes and Nadel,
Social structure or societal structure.
- Relationship and cross-fertilisation of liguistics and
anthropology: structurealism in the two disciplines. Structures as
model: Leach's and Levi-strauss's views. The structuralist method in
the study of myth, totemism and alliance. Ethnography and formal
Evans-Pritcard, E.E. : Social Anthropology and Other Essays.
Firth, Raymond: Elements of Social Organisation.
Firth, Raymond (Ed); Man and Culture (Selected chapters)
Harris, Marian: The Rise of Anthropologica Theory.
Eemple,Carl G.: Aspects of Scientific Explanation.
Kroeber, A.L. : The Nature of Culture.
Leach, E.R. : Lev-Strauss.
Levi-strauss,c.: Structural Anthropology, Volume I & II.
Menners, R. and d. Kaplan (Ed.) : Theory in Anthropology.
Merton,R.K. Social Theory and Social Structure.
Nagel,E. : The Structyure and Function in Primitive Society.
Redcliffe-Brown,A.R.: Structyure and Function in Primitive Society.
Redfield,Robert: Human Nature and the Study of Society.
Saran, Gopala : Sociology and Anthropology and other Essays.
Spancer, R.F. (Ed.) Method and Theory in Anthropology.
Stocking, G.R. : Evolution, Race and Culture.
Tyler, Stephen (Ed.) : Cognitive Anthropology.
Write, L.A.: Evolution of Culture.
- Concepts of 'development','change' and 'modernization.
- 'Development' and the 'developing' Societies'The issue of cultural pluralism Vs.Colonialism.
- Anthropological perspective on 'development' ;'applied','action'
and 'development' perspectives. perspectives. Anthropology and survival
in an age of crisis.
- Cevelopment and Environment relationshop the present crists.
- Indian notion of development -Gandhiam Sarvoday a model and its relevance.
- Process of development : The Rural, Urban and
Tribal scenarios-Trends Problems of 'development' in India:
Demographic, social-cultural, Techno-economic and ecological aspects of
- 'Development' areas and strategies: Poverty
eradication and cultgure of poverty, eduction, environment-conservation
and technological growth. "Development"perspective and the Status of
Woman with special reference to Women in India.
Roger M. Keesing: Cultural Anthropology: A Contemporary
Perspective Hari Mohan Mathur: Anthropology and Development in
Traditional societies. E.B Leacock (ed.) : The Culture of Poverty : A
G.M Foster : Traditional societies and Technological Change
J.A. Clifton (ed.) : Applied Anthropology : Readings in the uses of the science of Man.
E. Friedl: Wineb abd Neb: An Anthropologist's view
Glynn Cocharane: Development Anthropology
Everett Rogers : Modemization among peasants
Atal Yogesh : Development : Cultural interface.
- the origin and growth of Indian Anthropology.
- Distinctiveness of anthropological contribution in
the study of tribal and peasant sections of the Indian population-
study of Indian village.
- Theoretical-methodological issues involed in studying Indian
Social-cultural reality. The Indian world-View and its cognitive
construction-importance of studying classical texts along with the
field view of reality.
- Critical understanding of the basic concepts and approaches of the
study of Indian Civilization : Little tradition and great tradition;
Universalization and Parochialization : Sanskitization, Westernization
Tribe-cast continuum. Ethno-sociological and Traditional Indian
- Ethnogrtaphic profiles of Indian tribes: demographic, racial linguistic, economic and social organisational dimensions.
- Problems of tribal people : land-alienation; bonded labour
indebtendess; shifting cultivation; irrigation; forests and tribal
unemployment; agricultural labour, tribal revlots, minor tribes,
Different approaches and measureasa adopted to solve tribal problems
including constitutional provisions.
- Issues relating to national integration. Regionalism, lingustic cleaveges ethnic and communal riots.
- Bose N.K.: Tribal India
- Bose N.K.: Tribal Life in India
- Bose N.K.: National Integration
- Elwin, Verrier : A New Deal for Tribal India
- Elwin, Verrier : A Philosophy for NEFA
- Fuchs, S.: The Aboriginal Tribes of India
- Ghurye, G.S. : The Scheduled Tribes
- Lynch, O.: The POolitics of Untoujchability
- Mamoria, O.: Tribal Demography
- Stephen A. Tyler: Indian : An Anthropological Perspective
- Madam, T.N.: Non-renunciation
- Marriott, Mackim : Village India
- Singh, Y.: Modernization of Indian Tradition
- Jain R.K. : Text and Context.
- Madan T.N. : Religion in India.
- Dube S.c. Understanding Change: Anthropological and Sociological perspective.
Peasant Society, Peasantry, Rural,Community, folk-Urban Continuum;
Tonnies Concepts of Community and Society.Characteristics of Peasants
Society-Cultural,Social and Econoimic.
Peasant Societies in India and other south Asian countries, Development Programmes, Rural communities and Peasant societies.
Robert Redifield : Peasant Society and Culture- and anthropological approach to civilization.
N.K. Bose : Culture and Society in Indian.
Mackim Marriot (ed) : Village Indian.
Louis Comont and Pecock: 'Village studies'-contribution to Indian Socilogy Vol 1957.
Andre Beteille : Six Essay in Comparative Socilogy.
Daniel Throner : Peasantry Encyclopedia of Social Sciences: Theordre Shanine.
Andre Beteille-Caste, Class and Power.
Meaning,Scope methods and kinds of Archaeology, Archaelogical
traditions of the old world and the New Worls Archaeology as
Anthropology, Methods of dating in Archaeology.
Man and the Quaternary (Great) Ice age. Stratigraphic and other
evidences of Ice Age : river terraces, moraines, eustation
fluctuations, Alpine and Himalayan glaciation cycles.
The age of palaeolithic savegery: Main subdivisions of West
European and Indian Palaeolithic Cultrures with special refernce to
their statigraphic horizon, chronology, tool-types and technique. Upper
Palaeolithic Art of Europe Chief characteristics and significance. A
brief account of stone age Africa.
Mesolithic Cultures of Northern and Western Eujrope and corresponding stone age Cultures in Indian.
The barbarism of the first-food producers, Salient features of the
Neolithic Cultures in general. The Neolithic complex in Indian.
Stone Tool technology and typology during palaeolithic and Post Palaeolithic times.
Meaning and general concepts of Urban Revolution and Civilization
Mains centres of Civilization in the old world. Origin, extent,
development and decay of the Indus Civilization.
The distribution and Chief Characterstics of Indian Megalithic
Culture, Its correlation with living tradition of Megalith builders.
The main features of ameerican Indian Cultures.
Allchin, B & R : The Birth of Indian Civillization.
Allchin, H : Prehistory of Africa.
Binford, S.R & L (ed.) : New perspectives in Archacology.
Borders, F. The Old Stone Age.
Bhaidwood R.J. : Prehistoric Men
Bhattacharya, D.K. Prehistoric Archeology.
Childe, V.G. : Piecing Together the past Man Makes Himself.
Fried, Morton (Ed.) : Readings in Anthropology Voil. I
Jayaswal, Vadula,: Bharatiya Itihas Ka Adi Prastar Yug (Hindi):
Bharatiya Itihas Ka Madhya Prastrar Yug (hindi).
Majumdar, D.N. & Gopala Sarana: Pragitihasa (Hindi).
Oakely,K.P.: Man and the Tool-Maker.
Pandeya J.N. Puratattva Vimarasha (Hindi)
Sankalia, H.B.: Stone Age Tools: Their techniques, Names and functions:
Prehistory & Protohistory of Indian and Pakistan.
Willey, Gordon R : An Introduction to american Archaeologh Vol-I
Wheeler, M : Archacology from the Earth also Hindi trans. Prithvi Se Puratatta.
Zeuner, F.E. Dating the Past.
Universals of language.
Ferdinand de saussure and structure of language:
Paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations. Pregue Linguistic circle.
Acoustic and Asticulatory.
The definition and identification of Phonomes, Phinemic analysis.
Phonemes and morphemes distinguished.
The identification of morphemes and classifying allomorphs into mrophemes.
Dialetology and language geography.
Syntactic strtuctures and Immediate Constituent (ICE) analysis. Phrase structure and transformational grammars.
Chomsly's distinction between competence and performance.
The Cultural settiing of language:
The role of meaning.
Sociolinguistics: Linguistic and anthropological perspectives. Ethnography of communication.
Data acquisition procedure and formal semantic anallysis in etrhnoscience and cognitive anthropology.
Ariner, E. (Editor): Social Anthropology and Language.
Burling, R.: Man's Many Voices.
Gleason, H.A.: An Introduction of Descriptive Linguistics.
Hackett,C.F. : A course in Modern Linguistics.
Hymes, Dell (Editor) : Language in Culture and Society.
Lyons, John : Chomsky (Modern Masters Services).
Lyons, John : Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics.
Cystal, David : Linguistics.
Sapir, Edward : Language.
Tyelr, Stephen A. (Editor): Cognitive Anthropology.
The idea of kinship system and its place in social structure,
Prespectives on the study of Kinship from L.H. Morgan to Mayer Forts.
Recent trends in kinship studies. Formal semantic analysis of kinship
terms and categories.
The problem of incest. Different theories, accounting for incest
and incest prohibition. The views of C.Levi Strauss and Leslie White to
Marriage and alliance : Perferential and precriptive cross-cousin marriage: Leve Strauss and Needham.
Decent and residence theory of kindship. Radcliffe-Brown, Evans
Pritchard and Fortes. Kin terms, kin terms, groups and kinship
modes of exchange, Restrictged exchange: harmonic and disharmonic regimes. Generalised exchange.
Theories of origin and development of religion.
Conceptions of the supernatural beings and objects. Mana and Toboo.
Function of religion in human society; the family economic action, political a ction and religion.
Myth, ritual and totemism, Structural study of myth and totomism.
Religious practitioners: shammans and priests.
Magic and witchcraft. Maico-religious treatment of illness.
Evans-Pritchard, E.E.: Kinship and Marriage among the Nuer.
Fortes. M: The Web of Kinship among Tallensi.
Fortes. M : Dynamics of clanship among the Tallensi.
Fox, Robin : Kinship and Marriage.
Goddy, Jack (Ed): Kinship.
Levi-Strauss, C : The Elementary Structures of Kinship.
Needham, R. : Structure and Sentiment.
Needham, R (Ed.) : Rethinking and Marriage.
Radcliff-Brown, A.R. and c. Daryll Forde (Ed). : African system of Kinship and Marriage.
White, L.A. Science of Culture (chapter on incest).
Evans-Pritchard, E.E. : Theories of Primitive Religion
Firth, R. : Ritual and Belief in Tikopia.
Goode, William J.: Religion Among the Primitives.
Leach, E.R. ,(Ed.) : Structural Study of Myhth and Totemism.
Leslie, Charles : Anthropology of Folk religion.
Lessa, W.A. and E.Z. Vog (Ed): Reader in comparative Religion.
Levi-Strauss, G.: Structural Anthropology (Selected Chapters)
Levi Strauss, G.: Totemism.
Norbeck,E. : Religion on Primitive Society.
Development of Economic Anthropology.
Modern economic theory and its relevance to economic anthropology: the debate between formalists and substantivists.
Economy in its socio-cultural settings. Deterministic theories.
The relevance of encironmental and culture factors in equilibrium
Nature of economic transactions and economic process in primitive societies, bater, trade and market exchange.
Economic growth and cultural change.
The scopoe and signiticance of polotical anthropology. The equity polotical process and the functions of legitimate authority.
Political organizatiion in equilitarion and stratified societies.
Locus of power and the topology of polotical structure in different
Leadership and social structure. The concept of the state and the anthropological point of view.
Anthropological study of political process among emerging nations
and complex societies, Concepts of Political Culture and political
development The study of nation buiding processes.
Banton, M. (Editor) : Political Systems and distribution of Power.
Belshaw, C : Traditional Exchange and Modern Man.
Chammer, J. (Ed.) : The New Economic Anthropology.
Cohn, R and J. Middleton (Editor): Comparative Political System.
Dalton, George : Tribal and Peasant Economics.
Dalton, George : Economic Development and Social Change.
Firth Raymond (Editor) : Themes in Economic Anthropology.
Geertz, Clifford (Editor) : Old Societies and New States.
Leclair, E.E. and M.R. and M.R. Schneider (Editors) : Economic Anthropology : Readings in Theory and Analysis.
Middleton, J. and D. Tate (Editor) : Tribes without Rulers.
Pye, Lucian W. and S. Verba (Editors): Political Anthropology.
- History, Nature, Scope of Medical Anthrolpology.
- Concepts of Health Illness (Physical and mental) and their cultural specification
- Omdogemepis and Exogeneous medical systems: Folk and ethno
medicine (herbal medicine), Ayurvedic,Naturopathy Homoepathy, Unani,
- Traditional healers: Sorcery, witchcrft, magicians, Shamans Bhopas
- Critical understanding of Health care programmes and policies-Roe of Government and non-Government organizations.
- David Landy : Culture, Disease and Healing
- Foster GM, Anderson BC : Medical Anthropology
- Paul B.D.: Health, Culture and Community
- Logan M.H. & E.E. Hunt Jr.: Health and Human condition Perspectives on Medical Anthropology.
- Chaudhry Buddabeb :Tribal Health Socio-Cultural Dimensions.
- Visual Anthropology-definition,scope and uses with special refernce to India.
- Visual Anthropology as one of the documentation methods in
Anthropology - Photography as an effective Medium of Communciation and
its role in Visual Anthropology. Still Photography Vs Movie
Photography-their advantages and limitations.
- Movie films: feature films, ethnographi films documentary films,
research films: instructional films-Their scope and relevance to visual
- Visual Anthropology and analysis of cultural style. Film as an art
from-the-film language. Film review, appreciation and cirticism
Realistic and 'Nes Wave' feature films in Indian and /visual
- Televison and Visual Anthropology-Videotape; New Techniques of observation and analysis in Anthropology.
- K.N. Sahay : Visual Anthropology in India and its development.
- Paul Hockings(ed) : Principles of Visual Anthropology.
- John Collier (Jr) : Visual Anthropology : Photography as a Reseaarth Method.
- Satyajit Roy : Our films Their Films.
- Margaret Mead & F.C. Macgrigor : Growth and Cultures : A Photographic study of Balenese Childhood.
- Firoze Rangoconwala : Seventy five years of Indian Cinema.